Sonde

Note: Instrument pages are currently under construction. Thank you for your patience.

Sondes are small, lightweight and compact balloon borne instruments, developed for measuring the vertical distribution of atmospheric ozone, aerosols and water vapor in situ up to an altitude of about 30-35 km. During normal flight operation, sondes are coupled to a standard meteorological radio-sondes for transmission of the measured quantity plus additional meteorological parameters (pressure, temperature, wind direction and wind speed) to the ground during the ascent. NDACC includes ozonesonde, water vapor data from Frostpoint Hygrometers, and aerosol data from dustsondes, and backscatter sondes.

Locations

Aberystwyth, United Kingdom (52.4° N, 4.1° W)

Model: ECC Parameter:
Comments:
Also measures T/P, humidity and wind profiles. 0-32 km
Public Data:

Alert, Canada (82.50° N, 62.33° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
0-32 km. Weekly measurements. Data extends back to 1987. Also measures T/P, humidity and wind profiles.
Public Data:

Arkhangel’sk, Russian Federation (64.6° N, 40.5° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:

Dikson Island, Russian Federation (73.50° N, 80.23° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Heiss Island, Russian Federation (80.6° N, 58.1° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Winter
Public Data:

Kiruna, Sweden (67.84° N, 20.41° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Laramie, WY, United States (41.32° N, 105.67° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: Dustsonde Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Natal, Brazil (5.83° S, 35.20° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Ny Ålesund, Norway (78.92° N, 11.93° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Cryogenic Frost Point Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

Resolute, Canada (74.7° N, 95.0° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:

Salekhard, Russian Federation (66.5° N, 66.7° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:
Model: EEC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Also provides T/P, humidity and wind profiles. 1-2 times per week January to March.
Public Data:

Scoresbysund, Greenland (70.48° N, 21.97° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly launches
Public Data:

Sodankylä, Finland (67.37° N, 26.65° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Cryogenic Frost Point Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

South Pole, Antarctica (90° S, NA° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: Dustsonde Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Søndre Strømfjord, Greenland (66.99° N, 50.95° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:
Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Thule, Greenland (76.53° N, 68.74° W)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Also humidity and wind profiles
Public Data:

Yakutsk, Russian Federation (62.0° N, 129.7° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

McMurdo Station, Antarctica (77.85° S, 166.63° E)

Model: Dustsonde Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Mildura, Australia (34.19° S, 142.16° E)

Model: Dustsonde Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Minneapolis, MN, United States (45.14° N, 93.21° W)

Model: Dustsonde Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Summit, Greenland (72.34° N, 38.29° W)

Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly soundings
Public Data:

Hohenpeissenberg, Germany (47.80° N, 11.02° E)

Model: Brewer Mast Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Three times per week.
Public Data:

Payerne, Switzerland (46.82° N, 6.95° E)

Model: Brewer-Mast/ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Three times per week. Brewer-Mast 1966-2002. ECC: 2002-
Public Data:

Uccle, Belgium (50.8° N, 4.35° E)

Model: Brewer-Mast/ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Also measures T/P, humidity and wind, 0-32 km. Brewer-Mast: 1969-1997; Z-ECC: 1997-
Public Data:

Belgrano II Station, Antarctica (77.87° S, 34.62° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Boulder, CO, United States (39.99° N, 105.26° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly soundings
Public Data:
Model: Frost Point Hygrometer Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
Monthly soundings
Public Data:

Cape Matatula, Samoa, United States (14.25° S, 170.56° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Dumont d’Urville, Antarctica (66.67° S, 140.02° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Eureka, Canada (80.05° N, 86.42° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly soundings at nearby weather station (79.99°N, 85.90°W, 10m asl); additional soundings in winter
Public Data:

Hilo, HI, United States (19.72° N, 155.07° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Frost Point Hygrometer Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

Izaña, Tenerife, Spain (28.30° N, 16.48° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly
Public Data:

Lauder, New Zealand (45.04° S, 169.68° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Backscatter Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:
Model: Frost Point Hygrometer Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

Legionowo, Poland (52.40° N, 20.97° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Also measures T/P, humidity and wind profiles. 0-35 km
Public Data:

Lindenberg, Germany (52.21° N, 14.12° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Launched weekly.
Public Data:
Model: Cryogenic Frost Point Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
Launch frequency varies from 2/month to every other month.
Public Data:

Neumayer Station, Antarctica (70.62° S, 8.37° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly
Public Data:

Observatoire de Haute Provence, France (43.94° N, 5.71° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Praha, Czech Republic (50.01° N, 14.45° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
0-34 km. 3 per week, Jan - April. Also measures T/P, humidity and wind profiles.
Public Data:

Reunion Island, St. Denis, France (20.9° S, 55.5° E)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Wallops Island, VA, United States (37.94° N, 75.46° W)

Model: ECC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly soundings
Public Data:

Paramaribo, Suriname (5.75° N, 55.2° W)

Model: ECC-6a Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Weekly
Public Data:

DeBilt, Netherlands (52.10° N, 5.18° E)

Model: ECC/CPC Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
Also measures temperature and humidity.
Public Data:

San Jose, Costa Rica (9.59° N, 84.12° W)

Model: Cryogenic Frost Point Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
Monthly
Public Data: