Lidar

Note: Instrument pages are currently under construction. Thank you for your patience.

More than thirty groundbased Lidar (Light Detection And Ranging) instruments deployed worldwide from Pole to Pole are monitoring atmospheric ozone, temperature, aerosols, water vapor, and polar stratospheric clouds. This laser-based active remote sensing technique has been used widely for several decades in environmental science and chemistry, and has contributed significantly to the validation of space-based measurements.

Locations

Lauder, New Zealand (45.04° S, 169.68° W)

Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
File extension .stl
Public Data:
Model: Nd:Yag Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
File extensions .ucl and .ntl
Public Data:
Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:
Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Table Mountain Facility, CA, United States (34.4° N, 117.7° W)

Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
15-40 km. 353 nm 1989 - 1999; 355 nm 1999 onward.
Public Data:
Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .sol. STRAIT
Public Data:
Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File parameter tg and extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: AT Parameter: Aerosol, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File parameter t2 and extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
15-50 km
Public Data:
Model: Rayleigh/Raman Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
15-85 km
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Tropospheric Ozone
Comments:
4-27 km
Public Data:
Model: Raman Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
3-17 km
Public Data:

Thule, Greenland (76.53° N, 68.74° W)

Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Parameter: Temperature
Public Data:

McMurdo Station, Antarctica (77.85° S, 166.63° E)

Model: Backscatter Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Ny Ålesund, Norway (78.92° N, 11.93° E)

Model: Excimer and Nd-YAG Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
10 -45 km
Public Data:
Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign. NAOMI. Data not archived.
Public Data:
Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: Excimer and Nd-YAG Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
13 - 45 km
Public Data:
Model: Excimer and Nd-YAG Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
10 - 45 km
Public Data:

Lindenberg, Germany (52.21° N, 14.12° E)

Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:

Paramaribo, Suriname (5.75° N, 55.2° W)

Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign. STAR
Public Data:

Prestwick, United Kingdom (55.50° N, 4.61° W)

Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign
Public Data:

Punta Arenas, Chile (52.17° S, 70.93° W)

Model: MARL Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
Campaign. INCA
Public Data:

Dumont d’Urville, Antarctica (66.67° S, 140.02° E)

Model: Nd: Yag Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: Nd: Yag Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Eureka, Canada (80.05° N, 86.42° W)

Model: Nd: YAG Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: XeCl Excimer Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature
Public Data:

Boulder, CO, United States (39.99° N, 105.26° W)

Model: Nd:Yag Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Concordia Dome C, Antarctica (75.10° S, 123.35° E)

Model: Nd:Yag Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:

Garmisch, Germany (47.48° N, 11.06° E)

Model: Nd:YAG Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
5-30 km
Public Data:

Observatoire de Haute Provence, France (43.94° N, 5.71° E)

Model: Nd:Yag, Mie Parameter: Aerosol
Comments:
10-40 km
Public Data:
Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
15-50 km. Database extends to 1986.
Public Data:
Model: Nd:Yag, Rayleigh Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
30-90 km. Database extends to 1979.
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Tropospheric Ozone
Comments:
2.5-15 km.
Public Data:
Model: Nd:Yag, Rayleigh Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
Same system as for temperature.
Public Data:

Mauna Loa, HI, United States (19.54° N, 155.58° W)

Model: Ruby Parameter: Aerosol
Public Data:
Model: Rayleigh/Raman/DIAL Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature
Comments:
Aerosol 353 nm: 1993-1999; 355nm: 2001 -
Public Data:
Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: Nd-Yag Parameter: Aerosol, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Began retrieving Water Vapor in 2005.
Public Data:

Greenbelt, MD, United States (38.9° N, 76.9° W)

Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File parameter tg, extension .mgl
Public Data:
Model: AT Parameter: Aerosol, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File parameter t2, extension .mgl
Public Data:

Hohenpeissenberg, Germany (47.80° N, 11.02° E)

Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:
Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
15-50 km. On clear nights.
Public Data:
Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
30-60 km. On clear nights.
Public Data:

Sodankylä, Finland (67.37° N, 26.65° E)

Model: STROZ Parameter: Aerosol, Ozone, Temperature, Water Vapor
Comments:
Campaign. File extension .mgl
Public Data:

Toronto, Canada (43.66° N, 79.40° W)

Model: Rayleigh Parameter: Aerosol, Temperature
Comments:
30-90 km
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
15-50 km
Public Data:

Andøya, Norway (69.3° N, 16.0° E)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Comments:
15-50 km
Public Data:
Model: Rayleigh/Mie/Raman Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
30-90 km
Public Data:

Reunion Island, Maido, France (21.1° S, 55.4° E)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Nd:Yag Parameter: Temperature
Public Data:
Model: DIAL Parameter: Tropospheric Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Raman Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

Reunion Island, St. Denis, France (20.9° S, 55.5° E)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:
Model: Nd:Yag Parameter: Temperature
Public Data:

Rio Gallegos, Argentina (51.60° S, 69.32° W)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Tsukuba, Japan (36.05° N, 140.13° E)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Ozone
Public Data:

Potenza, Italy (40.63° N, 15.8° E)

Model: Raman Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
.2 - 60 km
Public Data:
Model: Raman Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
.2 - 15 km
Public Data:

Søndre Strømfjord, Greenland (66.99° N, 50.95° W)

Model: Rayleigh/Mie Parameter: Temperature
Public Data:

London, Ontario, Canada (43.1° N, 81.34° W)

Model: Rayleigh/Raman Parameter: Temperature
Comments:
Rayleigh since 1994, Raman since 1999
Public Data:

Huntsville, AL, United States (34.73° N, 86.64° W)

Model: DIAL Parameter: Tropospheric Ozone
Comments:
.1 - 10 km
Public Data:

Payerne, Switzerland (46.82° N, 6.95° E)

Model: Raman Parameter: Water Vapor
Public Data:

Rome, Italy (41.8° N, 12.6° E)

Model: Raman Parameter: Water Vapor
Comments:
Tropospheric
Public Data: